ERP

Planning for language production: the electrophysiological signature of attention to the cue to speak

In conversation, speech planning can overlap with listening to the interlocutor. It has been postulated that once there is enough information to formulate a response, planning is initiated and the response is maintained in working memory. …

Language neuroplasticity in brain tumour patients revealed by magnetoencephalography

Language impairment in brain tumour patients may be missed since standardised tests fail tocapture mild deficits. Neuroplasticity may also contribute to minimising languageimpairments. To address this possibility, we examined 14 patients with …

Pre-articulatory electrical activity associated with correct naming in individuals with aphasia

Picture naming is a language task that involves multiple neural networks and is used to probe aphasia-induced language deficits. The pattern of neural activation seen in healthy individuals during picture naming is disrupted in individuals with …

The electrophysiology of language production: what could be improved

Recently, the field of spoken-word production has seen an increasing interest in the use of the electroencephalogram (EEG), mainly for event-related potentials (ERPs). These are exciting times to be a language production researcher. However, no …

The role of electrophysiology in informing theories of word production: a critical standpoint

Munding, Dubarry, and Alario (this issue) courageously and thoroughly summarise the MEG literature on word production. It is evident that their task was a real undertaking and word production researchers should applaud their efforts. In this …

Electrophysiology of cross-language interference and facilitation in picture naming

Disagreement exists about how bilingual speakers select words, in particular, whether words in another language compete, or competition is restricted to a target language, or no competition occurs. Evidence that competition occurs but is restricted …

Statistically comparing EEG/MEG waveforms through successive significant univariate tests: How bad can it be?

When making statistical comparisons, the temporal dimension of the EEG signal introduces problems. Guthrie and Buchwald (1991) proposed a formally correct statistical approach that deals with these problems: comparing waveforms by counting the number …

Distinct Patterns of Brain Activity Characterise Lexical Activation and Competition in Spoken Word Production

According to a prominent theory of language production, concepts activate multiple associated words in memory, which enter into competition for selection. However, only a few electrophysiological studies have identified brain responses reflecting …

Oscillatory brain responses in spoken word production reflect lexical frequency and sentential constraint

Two fundamental factors affecting the speed of spoken word production are lexical frequency and sentential constraint, but little is known about their timing and electrophysiological basis. In the present study, we investigated event-related …

Sit down and read on: Working memory and long-term memory in particle-verb processing

Particle verbs (e.g., look up) are lexical items for which particle and verb share a single lexical entry. Using event-related brain potentials, we examined working memory and longterm memory involvement in particle-verb processing. Dutch …